New Year's celebrations become for many a lifeline that separates the old way of life from the new. It's nearly impossible to refrain from partying and binge drinking with friends and family, but giving up alcohol seems like a sensible way to start the year. And some people quit smoking for a while, and others fundamentally change their life, making it completely sober. And even a glass of beer or wine at dinner becomes superfluous. Not only does the mind stop being influenced by alcohol, but our body also reacts to giving up alcohol. We'll tell you what starts to happen with him.
♥ ON-TOPIC: Ventriloquists (ventrologists), or how to speak and sing without opening your mouth (video).
Of course, there is room for compromise in the "drink" or "don't drink" approach. Drinking half a bottle of wine or a 100 ml glass of cognac is one thing, and a small glass of wine for dinner is another. Doctors maintain that it is possible to speak of safe doses of alcohol that do not pose increased health risks, neither now nor in the near future. In many countries, acceptable amounts of alcohol have been studied for many years, but no consensus has been reached. For the best advice, it is best to consult the WHO recommendations.
But this organization also has several documents with conflicting information about acceptable amounts of alcohol. The AUDIT test documentation describes a low risk level of alcohol consumption as 20 g of pure product per day. This translates to 63ml for vodka, 200ml for wine, or 500ml for 12,5% beer. A maximum of 100 g of alcohol per week is recommended for both men and women. The document recommends at least two days a week without consuming alcoholic beverages at all.
But another recommendation from the same WHO refers to a threshold of 20 g of pure alcohol per day for women, while for men the allowed norm is double. In a week you can consume up to 140 g and 280 g of alcohol, respectively. There is no information on the days of abstinence. But there is no point in talking about safe doses for alcoholics: once you start, a binge will immediately ensue.
Biochemistry has defined maximum single doses of alcohol, but this is not the same as a safe dose. Scientifically, it is believed that negative consequences occur from 1 gram of alcohol per 1 kg of body weight in men and from 0,5-0,7 grams of alcohol per 1 kg of body weight in women.
♥ ON-TOPIC: The best cities in the world: 28 places with the highest standard of living.
Table of Contents
How do small doses of alcohol affect the body?
Alcohol is known to have the ability to liquefy cell membranes, making them more fluid. This is why alcohol has such an active effect on nerve cells, causing toxic damage throughout the nervous system. The walls of the stomach and duodenum are also severely affected. It is no coincidence that alcohol abuse can lead to gastric or intestinal ulcers, erosive and hemorrhagic gastritis. An increase in the alcohol dose forces the body to activate adaptation mechanisms to protect cell walls from rapid damage. This implies an increase in the cholesterol content in the membrane. But these changes also affect all associated active structures: receptors, immune and enzyme complexes. They begin to function differently: oxygen uptake in cells increases, they begin to constantly demand it and poorly tolerate its lack. As a result, the heart muscle can experience a lack of oxygen during physical activity. This deficiency can cause ischemia and myocardial infarction. In general, the body's immunity is reduced and it is less able to fight off infections.
The "relaxation" for which alcohol is famous should not be abused, as it can produce the opposite effect. The body begins to produce excitatory neurotransmitters, and in a sober state we begin to feel anxious, restless, and tense. And alcohol tolerance will gradually increase. Consequently, you have to take larger and larger doses to relax and get drunk.
♥ ON-TOPIC: Who has more followers on Instagram: the 40 most popular accounts.
How does completely giving up alcohol affect the body?
Quitting alcohol will normalize the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain over time. The person will become calmer, his constant irritability and stress will disappear, and the quality of sleep and performance will increase.
And here is a list of specific changes with the body and the organism:
- Your skin will be healthier, the redness caused by the dilation of the capillaries will decrease. And the swelling will also go away.
- Your immune system will improve.
- Your body weight will stabilize and even decrease, and your bowel function will improve. The fact is that alcohol is considered a high-calorie food. If it provides between 7% and 10% of the body's daily energy needs, the metabolic process will develop normally. But abuse can take up to half the energy provided by alcoholic beverages. The intestinal absorption mechanism will be altered by this. The body will no longer get the nutrients it needs. In this context, the negative effects of alcohol will only increase.
- The liver will work better, the organ will finally begin to perform its original function, that of a natural filter, and it will be in charge of neutralizing other toxins in the body.
- Dopamine metabolism will normalize, making the brain more efficient. A person will be able to concentrate for a longer time, to work with information. As a result, a person will be able to do much more while sober than during times of even moderate alcohol consumption due to the increased efficiency.
- Cholesterol levels are lowered, which helps keep the heart and blood vessels healthy for longer. Alcohol affects the metabolic processes of fatty acids in the heart muscle, there are 3-4 times more. In other words, alcohol gradually destroys the heart's natural defenses against atherosclerosis and heart attack.
- Dehydration of the body is a classic companion of intoxication, which causes disturbance of the hydroelectrolyte balance. But frequent alcohol consumption makes the body gradually get used to this condition. As a result, the body will start to retain fluid even without drinking. These changes can lead to the development of arterial hypertension.
- Women will be able to delay the onset of menopause and preserve their fertility capacity for longer.
- It will also decrease the probability of malignant tumors of various locations. Alcohol abuse is known to cause 75% of oral and laryngeal cancers, one in two liver cancers, and one in four breast cancers.